Symptoms of Hypertension

What is hypertension?
Our blood pressure is measured and expressed in millimetres of mercury (mmHg), systolic pressure above diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the pressure your heart uses to push blood out, whereas diastolic pressure is the resting pressure between heartbeats. Ideal blood pressure is generally between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg, however, hypertension is diagnosed when one has a persistent blood pressure above 140/90mmHg.

The ‘Silent Killer’
High blood pressure is often asymptomatic, which means there could be no symptoms at all. This is why millions of people may have no clue they have it until they have a stroke or heart attack.

In some cases, non-specific symptoms may occur in those who have high blood pressure,

Chest pain
Blurred vision
General tiredness or fatigue
Dull headache
Feeling light headed and/or vomiting
Pale skin colour
Nosebleeds
With a significantly raised blood pressure, certain symptoms may start to appear, considered serious symptoms,

Severe headache
Difficulty breathing
Pounding in your chest, neck or ears
Ringing or buzzing sound in the ears
Chest pain and/or tightness
Irregular heartbeat
Blood in the urine
It is important for anyone experiencing these to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Why should I bother?
Untreated hypertension puts extra strain on your blood vessels and vital organs such as your brain, kidneys, and eyes. It could increase your risk of developing heart disease, vascular dementia, stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease, etc. The sooner you get yourself checked, the sooner you can take preventative steps.

References
Zava. (2019). Symptoms Of Hypertension. [online] Available at: https://www.zavamed.com/uk/signs-and-symptoms-of-hypertension.html [Accessed 26 Jan. 2019].
nhs.uk. (2016). High blood pressure (hypertension). [online] Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/high-blood-pressure-hypertension/ [Accessed 26 Jan. 2019].
Steinbaum, S. (2018). High Blood Pressure Symptoms – Hypertension Symptoms. [online] WebMD. Available at: https://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/hypertension-symptoms-high-blood-pressure [Accessed 26 Jan. 2019].
Bhf.org.uk. (n.d.). 6 things you need to know about high blood pressure. [online] Available at: https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/heart-matters-magazine/medical/6-things-you-need-to-know-about-high-blood-pressure [Accessed 26 Jan. 2019].
Bloodpressureuk.org. (n.d.). Blood Pressure : What is high blood pressure?. [online] Available at: http://www.bloodpressureuk.org/BloodPressureandyou/Thebasics/Whatishigh [Accessed 26 Jan. 2019].
nhs.uk. (2016). NHS Health Check. [online] Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/nhs-health-check/ [Accessed 26 Jan. 2019].
Longmore, M., Wilkinson, I., Davidson, E., Foulkes, A. and Mafi, A. (2012). Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine. 8th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.132-135.

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